Infographic Category Education

8 Ways to Brew Coffee

By | source:Here Feb 5th, 2024

Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world, with billions of cups consumed every day. While most people are familiar with brewed coffee from their local cafe or coffee shop, there are many different methods and tools available for brewing coffee at home. Home coffee brewing allows you to explore the range of flavors, aromas, and textures that can be expressed from high-quality coffee beans. The most common home coffee brewing methods include espresso machines, drip coffee makers, pour over, French press, AeroPress, cold brew, moka pots, percolators, siphon brewers, and specialty devices like the Chemex. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of convenience, cost, flavor, body, and more. Key factors to consider are the length of brew time, the amount of pressure and water temperature used during extraction, the filtration process, and whether immersion or pour over techniques are utilized. Espresso and moka pot brewing rely on pressure, drip coffee makers automate the process with a heating element and shower head dispersion, while manual pour over methods allow more control over variables like brew time, agitation, and water temperature. Cold brew and French press use extended immersion periods to extract flavor. No single method is inherently superior, as personal preferences for body, sweetness, clarity, and convenience should dictate your choice. With so many options, it’s worth experimenting to find your ideal coffee experience.

Espresso Machine

The espresso machine is a high-pressure brewing method that produces a concentrated, intensely flavored coffee known as espresso. Here’s a deep dive into how espresso machines work and tips for making great espresso at home. Espresso machines use pressure and steam to extract flavor from finely ground coffee beans. The beans are tamped into a portafilter which is locked into the group head of the machine. When the brew button is pressed, pressurized hot water is forced through the coffee at 9-10 bars of pressure. This high pressure extracts the oils and flavors from the beans resulting in a thick, concentrated espresso shot.


The AeroPress is a unique coffee brewing device that was invented in 2005 by Alan Adler, the president of Aerobie, a company known for their flying discs. The AeroPress combines immersion brewing with pressure to produce a smooth, full-bodied cup of coffee similar to espresso. The AeroPress consists of two plastic tubes that fit together. The main tube holds the coffee grounds and hot water. A microfilter rests on top of the tube, and the plunger seals against the top of the tube to build up air pressure as you press down. This pressure forces the coffee through the filter into your cup or carafe.  The AeroPress benefits from a longer contact time between water and coffee. The AeroPress is loved for its convenience, consistency, and portability. It’s easy to clean and compact enough to throw in a backpack. It can produce espresso-like shots for use in lattes and cappuccinos. The total immersion brewing results in a uniformly extracted cup that highlights fruity and floral flavors. Downsides are that the AeroPress only makes one cup at a time. It also requires some technique to learn the optimal grind size, dose, steep time, and plunge speed. Paper filters mute some oils and solids compared to reuseable metal filters. But the AeroPress remains a versatile and approachable way to get into manual brewing.

Drip Coffee Maker

Drip coffee makers are one of the most popular ways to brew coffee in homes and offices. They provide an easy, convenient method to quickly brew multiple cups of coffee.  Automatic drip coffee makers work by continuously pouring hot water over coffee grounds placed in a filter basket. The coffee filters through the grounds and drips into a carafe or pot below.


Pour-over coffee is a manual coffee brewing method that involves slowly pouring hot water over coffee grounds in a filter. It allows for precise control over brewing variables like water temperature, flow rate, and contact time. Some popular pour-over devices include the Hario V60, Kalita Wave, Bee House dripper, and Melitta cone. These cone-shaped drippers sit atop a carafe or cup and use a paper or metal filter to hold the coffee grounds. The pros of pour-over include excellent coffee oils and aromatics extraction, light and nuanced flavor, and the ability to easily adjust variables. Cons are that it requires more effort, can be tricky to master, and doesn’t make large batches well. But many coffee lovers find pour-over worth the extra time for a smooth, flavorful cup.


The Chemex is a classic manual pour-over coffee maker known for producing a clean, light-bodied coffee. It was invented in 1941 by German chemist Peter Schlumbohm. The Chemex’s most distinctive design feature is its hourglass-shaped glass carafe with a wood collar around the neck. The Chemex uses proprietary bonded filters that are thicker than standard paper filters. This helps remove more oils and sediment from the coffee, resulting in a brighter, cleaner tasting brew. The thicker filter and increased surface area from the fluted shape also slows down the brew time compared to other pour-over methods.

French Press

The French press, also known as a cafetière or coffee plunger, is a classic manual coffee brewing method that has been around since the 1920s. Here’s how it works; Coarsely ground coffee is placed in the empty beaker. Hot water is then poured over the grounds. A metal or plastic plunger with a fine stainless steel mesh filter is inserted into the beaker but not pushed down. This allows the coffee grounds to steep and extract flavor from the hot water. After about 4 minutes, the plunger is gently pushed down towards the bottom of the beaker. This separates the brewed coffee from the grounds which remain at the bottom.


The siphon brewer, also known as vacuum coffee maker, is a unique manual coffee brewing method that uses vapor pressure and vacuum to produce an aromatic and full-bodied coffee. A siphon brewer has two chambers , the bottom chamber which holds the water, and the top chamber which holds the ground coffee. The bottom chamber is heated to produce steam which pushes the water up into the top chamber. Once all the water has transferred, the heat is removed. As the lower chamber cools, the pressure difference pulls the brewed coffee back down into the lower chamber for serving. This brewing process ensures even water distribution and contact time between coffee grounds and water. The immersion brewing extracts more oils and flavors from the grounds compared to drip methods.

Moka Pot

The moka pot, also known as a stove top espresso maker, is a unique coffee brewing method that uses steam pressure to produce a strong, concentrated coffee similar to espresso. The moka pot has three main chambers, the bottom chamber holds water which is heated until boiling. The middle chamber contains finely ground coffee in a metal filter basket. The top chamber collects the freshly brewed coffee once it comes through the filter. As the water boils, steam pressure forces the water up through the coffee grounds pulling flavor and oils into the top chamber. This results in a rich, full-bodied coffee concentrate.